Gum Disease- What is it and how to prevent it
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease is one of the most commonest reasons for teeth to be lost.
At Kingston Park Advanced Dentistry we are here to help you look after your teeth and have a healthy smile, part of this is ensuring you have healthy gums so we have put together some key facts to help you look after them and highlight any symptoms to look out for.
There are different stages of gum disease. Gingivitis is a milder form of gum disease, and at its earlier stages your gums become swollen, red and inflamed from a build-up of bacteria. This can happen from not properly brushing your teeth, or if you are not flossing correctly. It can result in bleeding when brushing your teeth and sensitive gums.
Periodontitis is a more serious level of gum disease, this can form if the initial gingivitis isn't treated. Periodontitis affects your gums and also the structural support of your teeth and if this is not treated it can even affect your jaw bone. Toxins or poisons produced by the bacteria in plaque start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. You can even begin to lose teeth, by either them falling out or having to be taken out if this is not treated in time.
If you have any of these concerns, contact your dentist who will be happy to help.
Links to other health conditions
There has been research into the connection between periodontal disease and diabetes. Research has shown that it may be harder to control your blood sugar levels if you have diabetes and periodontitis. Additionally, it has been found that if you already have diabetes you are more at risk of getting periodontal disease than someone without diabetes and it is also more likely to develop much quicker for these individuals.
Fortunately, if your diabetes and blood sugar levels are controlled you are no more at risk than any other individual of getting periodontal disease.
How do I prevent gum disease?
It is really important to take care of your teeth to prevent getting gum disease, here are some handy tips to make sure you have a healthy smile.
Make sure to have regular visits to your dentist or hygienist who will check and clean your teeth and gums, rectifying any potential problems and give you advice on any concerns you may have.
Make sure to brush your teeth and tongue regularly, twice a day for about two minutes with a soft toothbrush, ideally use an electric toothbrush.
Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride to help protect your teeth from decay.
Use floss or inter-dental brushes to remove food between your teeth.
Avoid smoking or drinking alcohol.
Eat a healthy balanced diet
If you have any concerns with your teeth please get in touch with our lovely friendly team at Kingston Park Advanced Dentistry and book an appointment.
More information about gum disease can be read here